The Current Education System in South Africa

Are you one of those persons that don’t know about the education system in South Africa? If your answer to the questions was yes, then this article is for you. Just as in every other country, an education system is an organized place where we go to acquire knowledge. Education system in South AfricaWe have different levels of an educational system which are; primary, secondary and tertiary. In South Africa, these three levels are called the department and are divided into two, namely; basic education and higher education department.  These levels will constitute our discussion for today.

The education system in South Africa

The Educational system in South Africa is all about how we acquire knowledge in an organized place, and the place is in South Africa. The education system in South Africa is slightly different from other countries.  They are different in syllabus and ways or methods of organizing the school system. It is governed by two national departments. The departments are the department of basic education (DBE) and the department of higher education and training (DHET).

Related: Australian Education System For International Students – Full Details

The department of the education system in South Africa.

You need to know about this department/  because the department is in charge of making

  1. Department of Basic Education (DBE)

The DBE department deals with public schools, private schools, early childhood development (ECD) centres, and special needs schools. The public schools and private schools are jointly known as ordinary schools. It comprises roughly 97% of schools in South Africa. Their aim is to develop, maintain and support the educational system. Their focus is on;

  • Improving school infrastructure. Completing the remaining infrastructure project, eliminating backlogs and replace unsafe school structure are part of their work.
  • Accelerating delivery.
  • Providing high-quality learner and teacher support material.
  • Learners with severe to profound intellectual disabilities are given educational opportunities.
  • Provisions of quality teachers.
  • Providing nutritious meals to school. Through the national school nutrition programme (NSNP) they were able to achieve this. The NSNP is in charge of eliminating poverty by supporting food security.
  • Monitoring performance.
  1. Department of Higher Education and Training

The DHET department deals with higher education and training. Colleges, adult basic education and training centres, and higher education institutions are under DHET.

They focus on;

  • Providing a unified national system of higher education under the Act of 1997.
  • National student financial aid scheme under the Act of 1999- This is in charge of proving grant of loans and bursaries to eligible students.
  • Continuing education and training colleges under the Act of 2006- By the establishment of governance structures and funding of public TVET (technical and vocational education and training) colleges.
  • Skills development levies Act of 1999- They are in charge of providing imposition of skills development levies.
  • Skills Development Act of 2008- what they do are to create a national skills agency, establish the quality council for trades and occupations, and regulation of apprenticeships, leadership, and other relating skills development.
  • National qualifications framework (NQF) Act of 2008- they provide for NQF, the South African qualifications authority and quality councils.

South Africa Education system Structure

In South Africa education is very important, that is why they divided it into structures. These structures are equally embedded inside the two types of the department. They are as follows;

  • Kindergarten is known as – Grade 0
  • Primary schools are generally divided into two.
  • The junior preparatory schools – Grade 0-3
  • The senior preparatory school – Grade 4-7
  • High school, which is also known as college – Grade 8-12

Their public schools have four team systems while most private schools have three terms.

  • Higher education – In South African, 9 of their universities are in the top 700 of the QS world university rankings.

In conclusion, education is a must for you if you are in South Africa. It is not only free it has lots of schools that you can choose from. The education system runs all the way from grade 0 in the primary to grade 12 high schools. They are strict when it comes to language. As a student in any of the school in South Africa, you must learn at least two languages. In South Africa education stated in the late seventeen century. With this article, we have been able to discuss the education system in South African. If you want to know more you can visit their website:


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