8-ball pool or sometimes known as ‘solid and stripes’ is a special kind of billiards game. It is played using a set of 16 billiards balls and cue sticks on a pool table having six pockets. The billiards balls are divided into two main categories namely object balls and the cue ball. In the 8-ball pool, there are seven solid-colored balls and seven striped balls. The objective of the game is to legally pocket the 8-ball after legally pocketing all the object balls of the chosen set of balls by the player. There are some sets of rules used in playing 8-ball pool. Here’s a step-by-step guide to playing an 8-ball pool.
- 1 Learn the basics of 8-ball pool
- 2 Locate the head spot
- 3 Position the balls in the rack
- 4 Get familiar with the terms
- 5 Break the rack of balls
- 6 Learn how to play in “scratch” or “foul”
- 7 Choose the groups
- 8 Try pocketing the balls
- 9 Knock out all the balls of your group
- 10 Call your shots
- 11 Knock out the 8-ball
- 12 End the game
Learn the basics of 8-ball pool
The 8-ball pool is a billiards game that uses a set of 15 numbered balls, one white-colored cue ball, and one black-colored “8” ball. The solid-colored balls are numbered from 1 to 7 while the balls numbered 9 to 15 are striped. One player aims to knock out the striped balls and the other tries to pocket the solid colored balls. A player has to pocket all the other balls of his set before aiming for the “8” ball. The player who knocks the “8” ball first wins the game.
Locate the head spot
A head spot is located at a one-fourth distance away from the length of the pool table. You will see a triangle or a circular dot that represents the head spot. The head spot is the place where you will position the white-colored cue ball to start the game. A head string is a line that passes through the head spot.
Position the balls in the rack
Place the triangular pool rack on the pool table. Now arrange the balls numbered from 1 to 15 inside the rack. The rack must be placed on the end of the table opposite to the head spot, with one of the corners of the triangle pointed towards the break. The rack should be centered in line with the foot string of the pool table.
Once you are about to begin the game, remove the triangular rack so that the balls remain on the table.
Get familiar with the terms
There are some unique terms used extremely often while playing the 8-ball pool. These terms may not be understood by a novice. Therefore, it is wise to learn some frequently used words from the pool. Some of them are:
- Object Balls: All the numbered balls, striped and solid, are called object balls. These are the balls that should first be pocketed by the players.
- Pocket: Pockets are the baskets situated at six positions along the table rim. The six pockets of the pool table are situated at each corner and the middle of the longer sides. When the players knock out the object balls into any of the pockets, the act is called ‘pocketing’.
- Rail: The bank along the edge of the pool table is known as the rail.
- Scratch: Scratch is the moment when a player knocks the cue ball into the pocket. If a player scratches, he needs to take out one of his knocked balls and place it at the center of the table. The rival gets the chance to shoot from the place of his choice on the table.
- Open table: The pool table is said to be open when the choice between the groups for solid and striped balls has not been made yet. In this case, it is legal to shoot the solid ball first to choose between the striped and the solid balls later.
- Foul Penalty: Foul Penalty is when the opponent takes the cue ball in his hand. On the occasion of a foul penalty, the player gets the chance to place the cue ball anywhere on the table to shoot his next round.
- Legal Shot: On each shot, the player must hit the balls of his chosen group of balls and knock the numbered balls into the pocket. Else, he can make the cue ball or any other object ball touch the rail.
- Scoring: A player can keep shooting until he is unable to legally pocket his chosen set of balls. Once the player has knocked out each ball of his set, he can aim to pocket the “8” ball.
- Combination Shots: In an 8-ball pool, a player can aim combination shots. But the 8-ball cannot be used as the first ball except when there are no remaining balls of the player’s set.
- Safety Shot: The Safety Shot is announced by the player before pocketing an obvious numbered ball and discontinuing his turn at the pool table. If not announced, the player will have to continue shooting the balls.
- Illegally Pocketed Balls: An object ball becomes illegally pocketed if that ball is knocked out on a foul shot or the ball was not pocketed in the designated pocket.
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Break the rack of balls
Keep the cue ball at the head spot on the pool table. Using the cue stick, hit the cue ball while aiming at the triangular rack of object balls. The cue ball must be hit with precision and a considerable amount of force in order to prevent the event of a foul. To avoid a foul, the player must knock any of the object balls into the pocket or drive at least four balls to contact the rail of the pool table. This is called a legal break shot.
Learn how to play in “scratch” or “foul”
If the shooting player scratches or fouls, his opponent has the choice of playing on the table as it is or re-rack the object balls. The balls remain pocketed if the player scratches on a legal break shot. If the player knocks any numbered ball out of the pool table, it is considered a foul. The upcoming player can either play on the table as it is or choose to take the cue ball in his hand and break again.
Choose the groups
When the table is open and one of the players legally knocks a numbered ball into the pocket, then the player can choose that group of balls for the remaining game. For example, if you break and pocket a solid ball, then you can choose to knock out the solid balls.
Try pocketing the balls
You can continue shooting your chosen group of balls until you scratch or miss the pocket. For instance, if you have successfully pocketed the solid ‘2’ ball, then you can shoot again. If you pocket any solid ball a second time, you can shoot again until you fail. In case you miss a shot, it automatically becomes your opponent’s turn to start shooting.
You can choose to aim for combination shots. You can knock a pair of object balls at the same time. But the pair must not contain the “8” ball unless it is the last object ball for the player on the table.
Knock out all the balls of your group
Once you have chosen your group of balls, pocket all the balls of your set. If you are solid, then you must pocket all the balls number 1 to 7 so that you can aim for the “8” ball and win the game. Make sure to not hit the balls of your opponent’s set. This will cause an event of scratch.
Call your shots
While playing an official game of pool, you might need to call your shot. This means you must announce the ball and the pocket you are aiming for. For example, if you are going to knock the 5-ball in the corner pocket, then you must say, “5-ball, corner pocket”. However, you may skip this step if you are playing casual pool with friends or acquaintances.
Knock out the 8-ball
You are allowed to pocket the 8-ball only when you have legally pocketed all the other balls of your set. Once you are done with knocking the balls of your set, announce the pocket in which you are going to knock the 8-ball. You must take a careful look around the pool table to choose the pocket in which it will be the easiest to knock out the 8-ball. Call your shot and hit the ball with the cue stick. If you are the first one to pocket the 8-ball, you win the game.
End the game
A player is said to be the winner of the game when he has legally pocketed the 8-ball after pocketing all the object balls of his chosen set. But a player can lose the game if he commits any of the following mistakes.
- If the player pockets the 8-ball any time after the break.
- If the player sinks the 8-ball on the same stroke as his last shot.
- If the player jumps the 8-ball off the table after the break.
- If the player knocks the 8-ball in a pocket that he has not called.
- If the player pockets the 8-ball when it is not an object ball legally.